- What is a trope, traditionally?
- De Man, on the other hand—following Nietzsche—offers a theory of tropes that is very different. What is his theory of tropes?
- What is allegory, traditionally?
- What is irony, traditionally?
- How do de Man’s definitions of allegory and irony differ from received understanding of these figures/tropes?
- What is prosopopoeia traditionally and how does de Man’s definition differ from that traditional one?